Rapid Assessment of the Political, Legal and Institutional Setting: Papua New Guinea
This report assesses the national, institutional, political and legal circumstances relevant to forest and land use in Papua New Guinea. It also identifies ways institutional donors can support REDD+ readiness.
Forests cover about 28.5 million hectares in Papua New Guinea and are being lost or degraded at a combined annual rate of 1.41%. While this rate has been comparatively low and current forest cover is high, the country is at risk of rapid spikes in deforestation due to the expansion of commercial agriculture and infrastructure development.
Institutional reforms have been under way since a change in government in July 2011, which will likely lead to a merger of the Forest Authority and the Office of Climate Change and Development. It is hoped that this merger will re-establish trust among international donors and national stakeholders who have been withdrawing or reducing their engagement due to concerns about corruption and mismanagement. It notes that Papua New Guinea has not leveraged all potentially sources for readiness support and lacks experience in both voluntary and compliance carbon markets, in the land-use sector particularly.
The government has been opposed to the development of REDD+ projects under voluntary schemes. The new government, it says, appears to hold a more favorable view on these projects. The report lists six proposed activities to improve REDD+ readiness.