REDD+ and Biodiversity Conservation: Approaches, Experiences and Opportunities for Improved Outcomes: Report Brief
This brief describes how experience in three key areas provide insights into the potential long-term impacts of REDD+ on biodiversity conservation. These include: the safeguard frameworks that guide the biodiversity aspects of REDD+; the development of national REDD+ programs; and the development and implementation of many forest carbon projects.
To assess how existing forest carbon projects are addressing biodiversity issues, 17 forest carbon projects were reviewed. The study found that UNFCCC safeguards can stimulate new policies and funds for conservation, but provide little concrete guidance on goals or monitoring. The Convention on Biodiversity Diversity is more detailed, for example giving advice on prioritizing the use of native species in reforestation efforts, and the use of strategic environmental assessments and environmental impact assessments.
The brief also outlines other safeguards, such as the SEPC, and how they are being used. It notes the implementation of REDD+ programs is often shaped by their funders, including USAID. It notes that most national-level REDD+ documents do not detail how specific measures on how biodiversity should be conserved through this mechanism. All of the projects reviewed described biodiversity goals but the types of goals and level of specificity differed substantially, as did monitoring.
The brief notes that forest carbon projects can support biodiversity goals and it issues 10 recommendations on measures that can be taken to achieve them.