REDD+ Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Manual
It opens with an overview of the program components needed for a national MRV system, including a discussion of national arrangements required by the UNFCCC. The following three chapters address measurement processes, for example greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories and their main inputs; field-based inventories and land-use change. Chapter 6 covers reporting and verification and in chapter 7, three thematic reviews are provided for further information.
The manual includes background information on REDD+, including how it developed as a mechanism for curbing deforestation and how it is being implemented in developing countries. It notes that a MRV system must be integrated with the overall development of a REDD+ strategy for a country, as policies must include provisions for ensuring compliance and measuring their impact. This includes coordinating with a country’s Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and associated reporting.
Some countries are developing nested REDD+ programs, where REDD+ activities exist at two or more levels, such as site or state levels and national levels. In these cases, MRV must be coordinated across levels to ensure that sub-national MRV systems do not conflict with the national system. Finally, a MRV system should be linked to decision-making and enforcement to better enable adaptive management and policy implementation at the national level.