REDD+ Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Manual: Summary for Policymakers
This summary of USAID’s REDD+ Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) manual explains for policymakers key concepts for carrying out these activities in the context of reducing carbon emissions in the forestry sector.
MRV for REDD+ specifically refers to the measurement, reporting and verification of a country’s forest and associated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals, including their changes over time. The reliability of the generated information depends on whether data are transparent, consistent, complete, accurate and can be compared over time.
Successfully implementing REDD+ requires carrying out a three-phased approach:
- During Phase 1 (often called “REDD+ readiness”), countries develop a national strategy or action plan; a national Forest Reference Emission Level and/or Forest Reference Level; a robust and transparent national forest monitoring system; and a system for providing information on how social, legal, and environmental safeguards are being addressed and respected throughout the implementation of the REDD+ activities.
- Phase 2 involves the implementation of national policies and measures, which could involve further training, technology development and transfer, and results-based demonstrations.
- Phase 3 involves implementation of REDD+ activities that are measured, reported, and verified emission reductions and removals from the forestry sector for results-based payments.
The manual also explains key institutional considerations.