A Review of Nepal’s Local Adaptation Plans of Action (LAPA)
This analytical report examines the Local Adaptation Plan of Action (LAPA) mechanism in Nepal, the history of the mechanism, and its process and methodologies used to conduct LAPAs in Nepal. Based on qualitative and quantitative review of existing documents as well as information gathered through interviews conducted with development professionals in Nepal, several observations, analysis, and recommendations are offered as ways to strengthen the LAPA process and mechanism in Nepal. The report details the LAPA steps as applied in Nepal, which include: 1) Sensitization, 2) Vulnerability & Adaptation Assessment, 3) Prioritization of Adaptation Options, 4) Adaptation Plan Development, 5) Integrating the Adaptation Plan, 6) Implementing Adaptation Plan, and 7) Assessing Progress.
The LAPA process in Nepal grew from the earlier work in national adaptation planning. The Government of Nepal initiated climate adaptation planning and implementation with The National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), endorsed in September 2010. The NAPA indicates the Government’s intention to disburse at least 80 percent of the available budget directly for local level implementation of identified adaptation actions. The NAPA also aims to ensure that national adaptation planning supports adaptation by local communities, particularly the climate vulnerable poor.
The LAPA Framework was designed to support decision-makers at local-to-national levels to:
- Identify the most climate vulnerable VDC’s, wards, and people and their adaptation needs
- Prioritize adaptation options in easy ways with local people setting priorities
- Prepare and integrate local adaptation plans for action into local-to- national planning in accordance with the Local Self Governance Act
- Identify appropriate service delivery agents and channels for funding to implement local adaptation plans for action
- Assess the progress of LAPA to ensure effective planning and delivery;
- Provide cost-effective options for scaling out local-to-national adaptation planning