Climate Risk Profile: Sri Lanka
This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in Sri Lanka, including how climate change will potentially impact agriculture, water resources, human health, coastal zones, and infrastructure and industry. The brief includes an overview and climate summary of Sri Lanka, as well as projected climate changes. Also included is information on sector impacts and vulnerabilities to climate change, the policy context and information regarding ongoing climate change projects in Sri Lanka.
With a land area of 65,610 square kilometers (km2) and 1,340 km of coastline, Sri Lanka is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. As of July 2017, the estimated population of Sri Lanka is over 22 million, with roughly 50 percent of inhabitants living in coastal areas on the West, South-west, and Southern coasts of the island.
The commercial Capitol of Colombo has the highest population density with 21,000 inhabitants per km2. Sri Lanka has made great strides in the last 20 years to increase incomes and reduce poverty, now meeting most Millennium Development Goals. Much of this progress faces significant threat from the impacts of climate change. Primary economic drivers, including tourism, commercial agriculture, and manufacturing are extremely vulnerable to extreme weather events and sea level rise.
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