Survey Use in Micro-Grid Load Prediction, Project Development, and Operations: Review and Best Practices
Micro-grids are proliferating in East Africa as alternatives to grid extension in communities far from existing grid infrastructure. Because micro-grids must meet local electrical loads with local generation, accurate community-level electrical load forecasts are critical to proper system design and financial modeling. Further, because these systems are largely operated by private, for-profit companies that generally do not benefit from the same subsidies as the main electricity grid, it is crucial to select micro-grid sites that will consume sufficient electricity to make the micro-grids financially sustainable.
The Quality Assurance Framework for Mini-Grids was developed to address many of those challenges, and this report builds on the Quality Assurance Framework. This study was undertaken to identify current practices within the sector involving the use of surveys and their ability to accurately predict customer demand once connected to a micro-grid. Further, best practices are identified for survey use during micro-grid development and operation. Finally, a set of standard survey tools is proposed that can act as a core set of questions that micro-grid developers can use in creating their own surveys.