Uganda Climate Vulnerability Profile
This adaptation fact sheet provides an overview of sector vulnerabilities and adaptation actions for Uganda. Agriculture is the main economic sector, accounting for 20 percent of Uganda’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employing 70 percent of the labor force. USAID/Uganda is conducting a climate change vulnerability assessment of the agriculture and food security sector, which is a priority for the Government of Uganda.
Uganda faces several developmental constraints such as high population growth, post-conflict conditions in the North, soil erosion and degradation, and impacts of malaria and HIV/AIDS. Major challenges to climate change adaptation in Uganda are primarily related to data and capacity. Gaps exist in both climate and sector-specific data, and generating downscaled climate data requires both resources and advanced scientific and technical capacity. Vulnerability assessments and projections need to be readily available and translated into terms that resonate with policymakers and community leaders. Climate changes in Uganda will likely present an additional stress on development in the country as climate change will have complex impacts across many development sectors.