Understanding Land Use in the UNFCCC: Summary for Policymakers
This report summarizes for policymakers the key findings of a guide that explains how deforestation and other land use changes are treated in terms of reporting under the UNFCCC.
It first describes the land use sector itself, how it is broken into six categories for international reporting - such as grassland and wetlands - and the carbon pools contained in each. It notes that agricultural practices produce emissions and that together, these comprise the categories and activities used to estimate land-based emissions and removals.
It then explains the ways that the sector is different from other sectors. For example, land use can act as both a carbon sink or a source.
The summary gives guidelines for emissions reporting for the land use sector. It explains how the UNFCCC manages natural disturbances and how harvested wood products are treated.
It also gives guidance for REDD+ initiatives, explaining how REDD+ carbon accounting should be done to meet the terms of UNFCCC reporting.
It notes that how land use and forestry might be integrated into a future international climate agreement remains an open question.