U.S.-India Clean Energy Deployment Center Assessment
This technical assessment report focuses on the strategy around the deployment of the India-US Energy and Global Climate Change dialogues, which signed into partnership by Memorandum of Understanding on Nov. 24, 2009. The purpose of the partnership is to “enhance cooperation on energy security, energy efficiency, clean energy and climate change”.
The U.S. and India are primarily carrying this partnership forward by way of the Indo-U.S. Clean Energy Research and Deployment Initiative (CERDI). CERDI includes two primary components: 1) Research through a Joint Research Center (JRC) to promote clean energy innovation, and 2) Deployment through cooperation efforts in clean energy technologies.
The purpose of this report is to provide a compilation of the meetings and discussions, and documents the findings of the three CERDI teams, which are focused on: 1) Creation of a deployment center within CERDI, 2) Renewable Energy, and 3) Energy Efficiency.
In sum, several opportunities and challenges exist. For example, the Deployment Center, the Indian public and private sectors are vibrant and focused on clean energy, but progress has been limited. Important future developments for the Deployment Center include developing a physical presence, as well as a virtual center, and establishing a robust funding mechanism.
Excerpt from the report:
A USG-GOI Deployment Center provides a key opportunity for accelerating clean energy deployment. Deployment Center activities to achieve this transformation should include:
- Strategic planning and analysis to identify a strategy for achieving low carbon growth, reflecting related work at the World Bank, the recently announced Climate Renewables and Efficiency Deployment Initiative (Climate REDI), the recently established Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network (CLEAN), the Technology Action Plans developed under the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate and other multilateral initiatives.
- Project facilitation and finance -- individual projects as well as creation of pooled fund(s) and revolving fund financing mechanisms for technology demonstrations and services; development of new financial instruments and processes to enhance resource availability for deployment, and encouraging market development and buy-down cost of advanced clean energy technologies.
- Education and training to scale up the capacity building activities especially working with industry associations and universities.
- Outreach and communication to scale up engagement of the energy sector stakeholders especially in government (state and local) and financial sectors.
- Technology demonstrations and pilots especially working with industry in the areas of waste heat utilization; work with agricultural sector across the nation to scale up programs to reduce pumping electricity load; working with major builders and developing ESCOs to create net-zero and positive energy buildings and for creation of district cooling systems for malls; and integrating renewables into electricity generation sector.