USAID Issue Brief: Climate Change, Property Rights, & Resource Governance: Emerging Implications for USG Policies and Programming
This brief presents a framework for categorizing analysis of the interface between climate change, governance, and property rights, and it describes ways for USAID to incorporate tenure considerations into climate change adaptation and mitigation initiatives.
The effects of climate change will result in adjustments to the value of land and natural resources while simultaneously intensifying human migration and displacement. United States Government (USG) policies and programming are beginning to incorporate property rights and resource governance into climate change action. Five key implications for USG policies and programming are presented in this brief: 1) dramatic changes in land and natural resource-based asset values; 2) displacement and migration of people; 3) further marginalization of the disenfranchised; 4) transformation of resource management; 5) challenges in the distribution of carbon benefits.
The brief concludes with recommendations for strategic interventions that may be applicable in addressing tenure challenges, such as 1) clarifying and strengthening property rights regimes; 2) incorporating public participation; 3) providing capacity building and climate change; and 4) supporting mainstream property rights and tenure considerations into program design may be applicable in addressing tenure challenges.
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