USAID Issue Brief: Land Tenure and Climate-Smart Agriculture
This brief explores the use of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) and land tenure and property rights (LTPR) in environmentally sustainable agriculture programs. It presents a variety of CSA practices and how aspects of LTPR are related to farmers’ and herders’ decisions to participate in particular practices. The brief concludes with recommendations for strengthening land tenure and resource rights to incentivize the adoption of CSA techniques.
The brief explains the potential benefits associated with CSA, including higher yields and farm income, greater resilience and climate change mitigation, and presents the initial investment cost and recurrent seasonal cost for several CSA practices.
Research presented in this brief found that adopting clear LTPR is important for the adoption of CSA. Farmers and herders are more likely to feel comfortable and secure in adopting CSA practices if their rights are recognized by formal or informal law - when tenure is secure, rights holders can benefit from their investments. The brief makes several conclusions, including that strengthening LTPR rights is most important for CSA practices that require significant upfront investments but that have medium to long-term payoffs.
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