USAID Issue Brief: Land Tenure and REDD+: Risks to Property Rights and Opportunities for Economic Growth
This brief focuses on understanding mitigation efforts based on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) and increasing sequestration by forests may influence property rights and, by extension, poverty and economic growth for smallholders.
The brief explains the importance of land tenure in REDD+ success and priorities necessary to ensure that REDD+ contributes to land tenure security. The brief outlines tenure systems and the challenges and advantages of these systems for REDD+.
The brief concludes that there are three potential outcomes for REDD+, including:
- Dispossession, loss of rights and limited participation at the local level.
- Active, national and international resistance resulting in failure to lift off.
- Clarification of tenure and reduced conflict.
Also explained are recommendations for USAID and donors in implementing REDD+. Examples of recommendations include: tenure is the central feature of REDD+ readiness; political will is a must; and REDD+ should avoid becoming a mechanism for centralization of forest management.
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