The Value of Climate Services Across Economic and Public Sectors: A Review of Relevant Literature
For more than half a century, weather and basic climate services have existed in most countries. However, more recently other countries are adding a full suite of climate services, which can include provision of comprehensive historical observational data, climate system monitoring, monthly, seasonal and inter-annual climate predictions, and long-term climate change projections.
The report also outlines the challenges faced by developing countries in implementing climate services, which include, in summary: lack of awareness, unreliable record of managing climate data, and limited resources. CSP was formed during the International Conference on Climate Services (ICCS) in October 2011 with the goal of improving the provision and development of climate services worldwide. The report provides an overview on climate services including justification for the services, factors that affect the services, barriers to the use of the services, and a summary of findings and potential next steps.
Excerpt from the report:
Key Terms and Concepts
- The Word Meteorological Organization (WMO) defines climate forecasts as forecasts for a one- month period or longer. Weather forecasts are typically thought of as forecasts for less than one month.
- When predicting climate, long-range forecasts are generally considered to range from one month to two years while climate predictions typically include forecasts of more than two years in advance (WMO).
- The WMO defines climate services as the dissemination of climate information to the public or a specific user.
- The Climate Services Partnership expands on this definition, stating that climate services involve the production, translation, transfer, and use of climate knowledge and information in climate-informed decision-making and climate-smart policy and planning.
- For the purposes of this analysis, climate services involve the dissemination of all types of climate and climate-related information, including information on individual weather conditions or events.