Vulnerability and Resilience to Climate Change in Western Honduras
This report by USAID’s African and Latin American Resilience to Climate Change (ARCC) project focuses on Western Honduras’s vulnerability to climate change. It includes an assessment on how climate projections will affect the region’s livelihoods and ecosystems and identifies existing and potential adaptive responses.
Climate models suggest that by mid-century, Western Honduras may be a “hotspot” of magnified climate change stress compared to other areas of Central America and Mexico. Temperatures are projected to rise between 1 and 2.5°C and rainfall will likely drop between 10 to 20 percent. Given this likely shift to drier conditions, the report urges adaptive actions such as reforesting watersheds.
The report offers five recommendations and adaptation options, including:
- The creation of a “Climate Change Knowledge Center” for the Dry Corridor that would provide information on, and develop awareness about, climate change impacts and adaptation response. It could also fill a need for research on climate-smart water management practices and agricultural practices.
- Resilient water resources management.
- Conservation of critical ecosystems.
- Diversification within and outside of agriculture.
- Risk management, focused on strengthening local institutions, to reduce the risk of climate-related disasters.