Vulnerability Profile: Mara Wetlands of the Mara River Basin
The Mara River Basin (MRB) is home to over a million people across Kenya and Tanzania, critical wildlife populations, and renowned conservation areas. The basin is facing critical socioeconomic pressures, which, compounded by climate variability and change, will further increase the vulnerability of MRB’s inhabitants and ecosystems.
Tanzania’s Mara Wetlands, riverine swamplands located at the lower end of the Mara River, cover four districts of the Mara region and are an important source of habitat for wildlife and natural resources for local, largely rural communities. Projected increases in temperature, variability in rainfall, frequency and intensity of heavy rainfall events, and intensity and duration of heat waves and drought events, coupled with high levels of poverty and a reliance on rainfed agriculture, make the communities around the wetlands particularly vulnerable to climate change.
This vulnerability profile provides a highly localized overview of climate vulnerabilities of the Mara Wetlands, including how climate change will impact agriculture, livestock and fisheries, human health and water resources. The case study, which also provides recommendations for interventions to improve climate resilience in the Mara Wetlands, was prepared as part of the USAID ATLAS project’s assessment: Vulnerability and Adaptation in the Mara River Basin.