Protected areas are the cornerstone of biodiversity conservation in Indonesia. They must be well-managed if the country is to meet its Aichi Target commitments under the Convention of Biological Diversity.
Punggualas is home to a research center for the Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) that was established by WWF in cooperation with the Management Center of Sebangau National Park (BTNS) in 2008. This research center plays a crucial part in the conservation of the 6,000-9,000 wild orangutans living in Sebangau.
Papua is home to some of the most iconic species, many of which are illegally trafficked. Wildlife trafficking and smuggling results from the demand for exotic species as pets, souvenirs, and traditional medicine.
Human-orangutan conflict is usual in other regions, especially in plantations near to forest. Most of the local people are aware that orangutan is an endangered and protected species. Nevertheless, they are often injured or even killed because they are considered pests to their plantations.
The Leuser Landscape in Aceh Province is home to some of nature’s best work. This area is known as a biodiversity hotspot, with the rich forest ecosystem serving as habitat for a number of endemic, globally-valued species such as Sumatran Orangutan, elephants, rhinos, and tigers.