Climate, weather, and water-related (hydrometeorological) disasters, such as cyclones, droughts, and floods, account for the largest number of natural disasters recorded worldwide and affect more people than any other type of natural hazard. According to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, between 1994 and 2013, drought, extreme temperatures, floods, and storms resulted in approximately 600,000 deaths, affected more than 3 billion people, and caused an estimated $2 trillion in economic damages. In the last four decades, the number of reported hydrometeorological disasters increased nearly fivefold, from approximately 750 incidents between 1971 and 1980 to 3,500 events between 2000 and 2010. Direct impacts of climate-related disasters include death and injury, loss of livelihoods, resource scarcity, damage to infrastructure and environment, and reduced or altered access to critical, life-sustaining services.
Hydrometeorological hazards become disasters when they affect communities and countries that are exposed, vulnerable, and lack the capacity to cope with them. Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) activities aim to reduce vulnerabilities and exposure to hydrometeorological events while increasing capacities at all levels. Early warning systems are a good example of a DRR activity. An early warning system that provides timely, accurate, and reliable information can give decision-makers and the public the time they need to act. Improved disaster preparedness at all levels of government and communities, combined with early warning systems, can guide communities to take actions that will save lives and property and help them be self-reliant.
Natural & Nature-based Flood Management: Green Guide & Training Program
The Natural & Nature-based Flood Management page on World Wildlife Fund's Environment and Disaster Management website includes information about flood management. Specifically, it highlights the Natural & Nature-based Flood Management: A Green Guide resource developed by WWF in partnership with USAID.View Content
Results Spotlight: Successes from USAID’s Climate Change Portfolio in Jamaica
These four videos were produced by the Adaptation Thought Leadership and Assessments (ATLAS) project to highlight successes from across USAID/Jamaica’s rich and diverse portfolio of climate change mitigation and adaptation activities from 2012-2018.View Content