A construction worker works on a set of energy meters.


Production and consumption of energy is the single largest source of global greenhouse gas emissions. But the risks associated with climate change are not just related to emissions from energy consumption. Global climate change also has the ability to affect the sustainability and operations of national and regional energy sectors.

Extreme weather events, sea level rise, changes in demand resulting from increases in temperature, and changes in water availability due to drought and other factors can have dramatic impacts on energy security, affordability, and reliability. Therefore, there are major costs to continuing business as usual.

The increased deployment of renewable energy sources and advances in energy efficiency present huge opportunities for building reliable energy sectors, furthering environmental sustainability, and supporting developing country partners on their journey to self-reliance.

Increasing renewable energy generation from sources such as wind and solar is essential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. And in many cases, it is also the most economical choice. Recent advances in these technologies are reducing costs and increasingly making wind and solar viable alternatives to traditional fossil fuels.

At the same time, increasing energy efficiency also offsets the need to seek, extract, and consume new resources. Technological advancements in building components, lighting, and cooling, and the development of new deployment strategies, such as occupancy sensors, are creating new efficiencies and reducing overall energy demand.


Clean Energy Emission Reduction Tool

This tool provides simple, standardized methodologies for calculating emission reductions from clean energy activities. It enables users to estimate, track, and report GHG reductions from clean energy, which may help users identify high impact activities with cost-effective GHG reductions and assess emissions reduction potential of planned activities.

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USAID-NREL Partnership

USAID is partnering with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to support clean, reliable, and affordable power in the developing world and assist with policy, planning, and deployment support for advanced energy technologies.

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Resilient Energy Platform

Developed through the USAID-NREL Partnership, the Resilient Energy Platform provides expertly curated resources, training materials, data, tools, and direct technical assistance in planning resilient, sustainable, and secure power systems.

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Poor air quality and climate change are major challenges facing Nepal. Air pollution poses the second highest risk factor for death and disability in the country, behind only malnutrition. Meanwhile, scientists predict that Nepal will be especially vulnerable to climate change over the next century, with a projected intensification of droughts, heatwaves, river floods, and glacial lake outburst flooding. In recent years, USAID/Nepal has placed greater emphasis on air quality improvement and is in the process of awarding a multi-sectoral air quality activity, the Kathmandu Valley Clean Air Program (KCAP), to reduce air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley.
On April 23, 2021, the White House called for a Global Climate Ambition Initiative to “support developing countries in... implementing their nationally determined contributions and... enhance and meet their climate goals in ways that further their national development priorities.”
The water-energy-food nexus represents a $5 trillion consumer market, millions of livelihoods, and the source of all food that people around the world eat.