A boy leads a class on malaria, pointing a ruler towards a diagram of an Anopheles mosquito.

Health

Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause approximately 250,000 additional deaths per year, from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea, and heat stress. Climate change affects the social and environmental determinants of health such as clean air, water, food, shelter, and security. Rising temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, extreme weather, and sea level rise can result in human exposure to extreme heat, disease, reduced food and water quality, poor air quality, and environmental degradation. These climate risks can increase human susceptibility to respiratory and cardiovascular disease; food, water and vector-borne diseases; threats to mental health and increased mortality among vulnerable populations. Other sector-related consequences include damage to water and sanitation infrastructure.

Promoting climate risk management and preparedness help people, communities, governments, and institutions become more resilient to changes in climate through preparedness and response assistance. Adaptive strategies, such as setting up extreme weather, early warning systems and monitoring and forecasting disease outbreaks, can improve preparedness. Integrating climate change into national and local health sector planning can develop community resilience to climate change and decrease the severity of health impacts. Strategies and policies aimed to reduce carbon pollution and mitigate climate change can independently influence human health, for example, reducing CO2 emissions can decrease exposure to air pollutants like sulfur dioxide.

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Across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), approximately 60% of healthcare facilities are without electricity access. Without such access, healthcare providers face difficult and all-too-often dangerous challenges.
Electrifying health facilities can be accomplished through one of two approaches: connecting to a utility grid or on-site generation. The combination of these two technologies is much cleaner than using diesel generators, the preferred mode of rural clinics for providing off-grid power, and over time is less expensive. Renewable energy solutions such as solar also reduce future greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change.
After its success with improving solid waste and water management, the city of Indore, India has consistently been ranked the cleanest city in that country by the government’s annual Swachh Survekshan survey. Now, Indore is focused on having cleaner skies.