USAID infrastructure investments range from small-scale projects, such as community water tanks, to large power plants and water treatment facilities. USAID also makes direct infrastructure investments in schools, hospitals, health clinics, and other public buildings, as well as rural farm-to-market roads, trunk roads, and bridges.
Almost every aspect of these investments can have a climate impact. The design, materials, and methods of construction of a project can help mitigate some of the environmental impact, but site selection can be even more important. It is expected that within the next fifty years more than 70 percent of people will live in urban areas and a significant number of those will be located near coastal zones. The most vulnerable of these, over a billion people, will be living in informal settlements. Urbanization always brings increased economic development but with that usually comes an increase in resource consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.
Adapting infrastructure systems to meet the twin challenges of sustainability and climate variability requires engaging professional architects, engineers, and construction professionals in holistic and systemic infrastructure planning and design. Green infrastructure, sustainable construction, and equitable land policies are just a few of the ways that development professionals can promote infrastructure that is both sustainable and climate-resilient.
Engaging the Private Sector in Green Infrastructure Development and Financing
This report from the USAID funded Adaptation Thought Leadership and Assessments (ATLAS) project examines the many benefits of green infrastructure, including stormwater management, reduced heat impacts, increased biodiversity, and improved air and water quality that work together to improve a city’s overall resilience.View Content
Bridging Climate Change Resilience and Mitigation in the Electricity Sector Through Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
Energy efficiency and renewable energy technical solutions described in this paper can bridge action across climate change mitigation and resilience through reducing greenhouse gas emissions and supporting electric power sector adaptation to increasing climate risk.View Content
Climate Resilient Infrastructure Services: Lessons Learned
The report shares 17 lessons from the Climate Resilient Infrastructure Services program, which piloted techniques to improve the ability of four cities in Mozambique, Peru, and the Dominican Republic to provide reliable and sustainable infrastructure, even in a changing climate.View Content