In the distance, a truck drives along a new road in mountainous jungle terrain.


USAID infrastructure investments range from small-scale projects, such as community water tanks, to large power plants and water treatment facilities. USAID also makes direct infrastructure investments in schools, hospitals, health clinics, and other public buildings, as well as rural farm-to-market roads, trunk roads, and bridges.

Almost every aspect of these investments can have a climate impact. The design, materials, and methods of construction of a project can help mitigate some of the environmental impact, but site selection can be even more important. It is expected that within the next fifty years more than 70 percent of people will live in urban areas and a significant number of those will be located near coastal zones. The most vulnerable of these, over a billion people, will be living in informal settlements. Urbanization always brings increased economic development but with that usually comes an increase in resource consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.

Adapting infrastructure systems to meet the twin challenges of sustainability and climate variability requires engaging professional architects, engineers, and construction professionals in holistic and systemic infrastructure planning and design. Green infrastructure, sustainable construction, and equitable land policies are just a few of the ways that development professionals can promote infrastructure that is both sustainable and climate-resilient.


As one of the most densely populated countries in the world, Bangladesh understands how critical a reliable energy supply is to the country's growth. However, Bangladesh is currently dependent on a waning natural gas supply and has reached a point where it must evaluate energy independent paths that are sustainable, cost-effective, and ensure long-term domestic energy supply. 
Improving energy efficiency is an integral but often-overlooked part of low-emission development (LED) strategies that can help countries reach their climate targets while meeting growing demands for energy.
Limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius demands a dramatically different power sector – one that helps reduce overall greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 7.6 percent globally each year from 2020 to 2030.