Currently, three in ten people lack access to safe drinking water, and six in ten lack access to adequate sanitation. Increased temperatures, more frequent and extreme events like droughts and floods, rainfall variability, and sea level rise all affect freshwater resources for drinking and sanitation, agriculture and irrigation, and industry.
Increasing incidence and severity of droughts and floods can contaminate drinking water, damage water systems, cause sewage overflows, reduce freshwater availability, and exacerbate intrusion of saltwater to aquifers. These adverse impacts are likely to lead to less reliable supplies of water for drinking, hygiene and sanitation, and for agriculture, energy and ecosystems. They may also contribute to conflict over water access or population displacement, and in the case of floods, increase the spread of waterborne disease.
Water resources management is a multisectoral challenge, and connecting this work to Agency programming on climate change, resilience and natural resources management is critical. USAID's contributions aim to improve the availability of water, not only for human health, but for agriculture and food security, economic productivity, and ecosystem health. Improving the efficiency of water systems, which can be very energy-intense, can also contribute to reduced greenhouse gas emissions.
Climate Change, Risk, and Resilience in WASH and Agriculture Projects
Climate change impacts water, sanitation and hygiene and agriculture programs, and threatens progress. Climate information services, sometimes known as hydrometeorological systems, are a series of powerful tools and resources that can help to improve planning, reduce risk, and increase resilience.View Content
Climate Risk Management Promotes Peace in Uganda
To strengthen communities' access to and management of water and pasture, USAID EKISIL—which means “peace” in the local language of Karamoja—initiated climate risk management (CRM) actions in the Abim, Kaabong, Kotido, and Moroto districts.View Content
Climate Risk Management Toolkit: Water and Sanitation Annex
This annex to the Climate Risk Screening and Management Tools is designed to provide you with more information on climate change implications for water supply and sanitation.View Content
Supporting Beneficiaries in a Limited Funding Environment
This story highlights how USAID's Dominican Republic mission found a way to continue to achieve climate change adaptation; water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH); and biodiversity conservation results and support its beneficiaries in a limited funding environment.View Content